Topics

The 3rd COSPAR Symposium Scientific Organizing Committee cordially invites you to submit abstacts for oral and poster presentations. All papers will be reviewed by the Scientific Organizing Committee and assigned to the appropriate session for oral and poster presentations.

Topics of Interests

1 New Paradigm for Earth Observation Based on CubeSats and SmallSats

* Scientific Organizer(s): Jason Hyon (JPL, US), Anthony Freeman (JPL, US), and Jin, Shuanggen (Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, China)

With advancements of cubesat, a key enabling feature was the fixed form factor. The fixed power, mass, and volume have enabled identifying new technologies in order to miniaturize instruments into a specific form factor. Based on breakthroughs in development of miniaturized instruments, cubesats would play a role in meeting key Earth science measurement objectives in conjunction with other remote sensing instruments. In order to provide science grade measurements (i.e., similar SNR/Gain or new measurement enabled by high temporal sampling), here are main challenges to advance in technology: instrument calibration, satellite capability, deployable structures, thermal management, power supply, and data rates. The motivation of these sessions is to present experiences in developing “science grade” instruments and measurements from hyperspectral imagers, microwave spectrometers, IR sounder, high frequency radar, and Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) instrument. The solicited Earth science and technology areas consist of the following:

  • 1. Land surface geometry with millimeter accuracy, and sub-meter pixel resolution by GNSS instrument together with other space geodesy techniques (e.g. InSAR, DORIS, ICESat, LiDAR, GRACE/GOCE and Radar Altimetry, etc, etc.)
  • 2. High sampling weather measurements to provide diurnal and time dependent process changes in conjunction with weather satellites (e.g, NPOESS and GOES instruments)
  • 3. Hyperspectral imaging and point spectrometer measurements to provide coincidental measurements of ecosystem health and type, surface characteristics, snow/ice melting, and greenhouse gas emission.
  • 4. Vertically resolved atmospheric chemistry measurements to quantify processes of GHG mixing by occultation observation
  • 5. Topography, root zone soil moisture, snow water equivalence, and surface changes in ocean and land
  • 6. Monitoring and warning of earthquakes and tsunamis, volcanic activity, and other hazards
  • 7. Key technology challenges including reliable spacecraft, formation flying, communication, instrument calibration, thermal management, power supply, and deployable structures.Papers on combining with other satellite or airborne sensor data, as well as discussing new applications for such systems, and future missions/challenges are also welcome.

2 Solar System Exploration with Cubesats and SmallSats

* Scientific Organizer(s): Hajime Yano (JAXA/ISAS, Japan) and Julie Castillo-Rogez (JPL, USA)

Since 2000’s, cubesat and small-sat class probes were piggy-backed by mothership to enchance exploration capabilities of respecive deep space missions including MINERVA for Hayabusa, DCAM for IKAROS, SCI, DCAM3, and MINERVA-II for Hayabusa-2. ESA’s AIDA mission concepts and other international missions ar following this trend. In coming years, private sectors have entered to space exploration arena and their spacecraft and probes are mostly in the same size cateogories such as Google Lunar X-prize rovers. Piggy-back opportunities for deep space launches like NASA’s SLS are also near-future prospects and the SLS EM-1 mission is planned to carry 13 6U-class cubesat spacecraft to the cis-lunar space and beyond. With these achievements and prospects in mind, this session holds a number of invited speakers on the latest results of large Solar System exploration and future prospects of cubesat and small-sat explorations. We also welcome contributions regarding mission designs, spacecraft and probe designs, operations including communications, power and guidance-navigation-control, scientific and engineering instruments, and their results of both independent spacecraft and piggy-backed probes in deep space explorations, as shown the examples above. We also encourage discussions on collaboration opportunities among international stakeholders in this field. This session is consisted of 5 sub session as below;

2-1. Recent Results of Large Planetary Missions
2-2. Outcomes of Past and Present Smallsat/Cubesat Exploration
2-3. Upcoming Small Sat Exploration
2-4. Upcoming Cubesat Exploration
2-5. Future Prospects of Smallsat/Cubesat Exploration

3 Sun, Magnetosphere, Ionosphere with Small Satellites

3-1. Observations for the Upper Atmosphere with Micro- and Nano-Satellites

* Scientific Organizer(s): Geonhwa Jee (KOPRI, Korea) and Young-Sil Kwak (KASI, Korea)

Recently, the demand of low cost small satellites (micro- and nano-satellites) has increased in the area of space weather monitoring and research. This session intends to cover the instrumentation and related research for the upper atmosphere including the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region and the ionosphere and thermosphere by small satellites.

The objectvie of this session are to review technics for observing the upper atmosphere using micro- and nano-satellites, share new idea for observing the upper atmosphere with micro- and nano-satellites and develop research applications for the upper atmosphere using satellite observations in combination with ground-based observations.

  • Observation of effects of solar variability on the Earth’s geomagnetic storms, particle precipitation and aurora in relation to the upper atmospheric changes with micro- and nano-satellites
  • Data analysis and instrumentation for observing wave activities propagating from the lower atmosphere into the upper atmosphere using micro- and nano-satellites
  • Data analysis and instrumentation for remote sensing of optical/radio signals from ionospheric plasma onboard micro- and nano-satellites
  • Challenging techniques for observation and study on the upper atmosphere with micro- and nano-satellites
3-2. New Magnetospheric Observations Enabled by Cubesats

* Scientific Organizer(s): Peter Chi (UCLA, USA), Dong-Hun Lee (Kyung Hee University, Korea)

The fast development in CubeSats has fostered a new segment in the space industry where a drastically increased number of low-altitude satellites can provide Earth observations on an unprecedented scale. Similarly, CubeSats may enable new capabilities in observing magnetspheric phenomena with satellite constellations, which are particularly valuable for differentiating spatial effects from temporal effects. This session welcomes presentations on existing and future CubeSat missions bringing new views of the dynamic processes in the Earth’s magnetosphere.

3-3. Interaction of Solar Wind and Earth’s Bow Shock: Recent Progresses in Observations and Modeling

* Scientific Organizer(s): Ensang Lee (Kyung Hee Univ., Korea), and George K. Parks (SSL, UC Berkeley, USA)

Shocks in collisionless space plasmas have been studied for many decades. However, many physical processes including heating and acceleration of solar wind across shocks and the role of wave-particle interactions are still not fully understood. Recently, multi-spacecraft missions such as Cluster and THEMIS have contributed to better understanding of the interaction of solar wind and bow shock. This session focuses on recent progresses on the understanding of the bow shock, foreshock, and magnetosheath regions. Studies about the structure and dynamics of the bow shock, transport of solar wind across the bow shock, waves and instabilities around the bow shock, foreshock, and magnetosheath are welcome. Studies using multi-spacecraft observations such as Cluster, THEMIS, and MMS are strongly encouraged. Numerical simulation studies are also very welcome.

3-4. New Idea for Space Weather Research with Micro- and Nano-Satellites

* Scientific Organizer(s): JaeJin Lee (KASI, Korea), Junga Hwang (KASI, Korea), and Kyung-Joo Hwang (NASA GSFC, USA)

Recently, the demand of low-cost small satellites (micro- and nano-satellites) has increased in the area of space weather monitoring and research. This theme intends to cover the instrumentation for space plasmas and data analysis of magnetosphere and ionosphere observed by small satellites.

  • Observation of effects of solar variability on the Earth’s geomagnetic storms, energized radiation belts, particle precipitation and Aurora with micro- and nano-satellites
  • Data analysis and instrumentation for in-situ diagnostic of ionospheric/magnetospheric plasmas using micro- and nano-satellites
  • Data analysis and instrumentation for remote sensing of optical/radio signals from ionospheric plasma onboard micro- and nano-satellites
  • Formation flight of micro- and nano-satellites carrying scientific payloads
  • Data combining of small and large satellite observation
3-5. Radiation Belts Observations using Small Satellites: What Would be the Best Way to Fill Data Gaps?

Scientific Organizer(s): Vincent Maget (ONERA, France) and J Bernard Blake (The Aerospace Corporation, USA)

Radiation belts specifications are still an active field of research as well as a big challenge. Indeed, many data gaps still exist, especially in the SLOT region, where the new EOR (Earth Orbit Rising) platforms will encounter drastic environments for a few months. The idea of this session is to discuss on:

  • the new/valuable small detectors opportunities that exist or are being prototyped,
  • in-flight feedback from already flown small missions such as Cubesats and which orbits can be reached as launch opportunities are still the main constraint today,
  • opportunities of "operational" constellations for radiation belt situation awareness (referencing the current ESA SSA framework): how to define a realistic and interesting one?
3-6. New Opportunities for Solar Physics with Small Satellites

* Scientific Organizer(s): Eun-Kyung Lim (KASI, Korea) and Sujin Kim (KASI, Korea)

Understanding of solar magnetohydrodynamics and plasma physics of solar atmosphere has been greatly improved since the launching of solar spacecraft. Recently, small satellites are actively developed and utilized in the area of plasma physics due to its low cost. Although there has not been many successful launches and operations of small satellites in the field of solar physics, a desire and effort for the challenge in international communities is increasing these days. Now it is a good time to share the experience and ideas of possible science objects with small satellites (including CuteSats and NanoSats) for the new era of space-based solar observation technique. This session welcomes presentations on existing or future challenging missions with small satellites that will bring us new opportunities for solar physics researches.

4 Astrophysics

4-1. Advances in Astrophysical Research with Small Satellites

* Scientific Organizer(s): Woong-Seob Jeong (KASI, Korea) and Jeonghyun Pyo (KASI, Korea)

The astrophysical missions with small satellites promote the development of new challenging observational techniques as well as the realization of specific science objectives making the synergy with big ground -based telescopes or other space missions. Observational space development, data reduction techniques and original science cases for astrophysical missions with small satellites will be covered in this session.

The objective of this session is to review the recent astrophysical missions with small satellites, discuss science cases for astrophysical studies with small satellites and support international collaboration in small astrophysical missions.

  • Challenging observational techniques in space for astrophysical studies
  • Instrumentations and data reduction techniques for astrophysical study using small satellites
  • New scientific ideas to make the synergy with other space missions or big gound-based telescopes
  • International collaboration in upcoming space missions
4-2. Use of Cubesat, and Microsat, for GRB, Gravitational Wave and Neutrino Counterparts and Science

* Scientific Organizer(s): Pietro Ubertini (Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology, Italy) and Michel Boer (ARTEMIS, France)

The past three decades history of space astronomy has shown how important is the access to the Gamma-ray, X-ray, UV-optical, near IR spectrum from space. The combined use of large ground based facilities and large space observatories has played a key role in the advance of astrophysics by providing access to the entire electromagnetic spectrum, allowing high sensitivity observations from the lower radio wavelength to the higher energy gamma rays. Space has also played a major role in the opening of time domain astrophysics.

Conversely, the recent detection of Gravitational Waves by the LIGO-VIRGO consortia and contemporary observation in the electromagnetic bandwidth has opened a new window to study and understand the formation and evolution of the Universe.

Anyway, things have profoundly changed over the last two years. Our access to astrophysical information is boosted by the so called new Astronomies: Gravitational Waves detection, High Energy Neutrinos of cosmic origin are about to open new phase spaces – not only in Astronomy, but also in fundamental physic.

One of the most important observational challenges of our time is to establish the link between discoveries of the new Astronomies and the electromagnetic Universe. From this view point a short turn-around to realize and flight new up-to-dated, and innovative space instruments is essential, as complement to large existing space observatories, such as INTEGRAL, FERMI and SWIFT.

Several types of new instruments to be flown with CubeSat (single or arrays), micro and mini satellites have been recently proposed by the scientific astrophysical community. Not only these instruments are cheap, but they open new possibilities such as the launch of instrument clusters around the Earth. This Workshop aim to review the scientific targets to be achieved with these new instruments, their scientific requirements and the existing as well as prospective technologies that can be implemented on the short time scale to achieve the expected scientific goals and to think in new experimental concepts. It will be a good occasion to cluster together scientists, technologists, and industry operators.

5 Enabling Technologies

5-1. Payload Technologies for Small Satellite Missions

* Scientific Organizer(s): Regina Lee (York Univ., Canada) and Eric Choi (Magellan Aerospace, Canada)

The proposed session is to showcase and recognize the significant potential of the small satellite technologies for Earth observation, space science and exploration missions around the world. During the one-day session titled Enabling technologies – Payload Technologies, we will highlight research on various payload development (both in optical payloads for scientific missions and technology demonstration payloads) from international, industry and academic researchers. The session is also structured to provide networking opportunities to the participating scientist and engineers to engage in collaborative research opportunities within the small satellite community, exchange mission ideas and promote small satellite activities for scientific and engineering research.

5-2. Microsystems technology for Space Applications

* Scientific Organizer(s): Regina Lee (York Univ., Canada) and Mark A. Post

The proposed session is to provide overview of the current status on microsystem technologies in satellite design. The application of microsystems to space systems is a relatively new, yet fast-growing area of research in space engineering. The proposed session to highlight several aspects of microsystems technologies would showcase the current research trend in microsystems applications in space and potentially introduce an efficient and effective approach to engineer small spacecraft. Extension of small satellite functionality is important for the future of the space science and engineering community worldwide, as small satellites are rapidly emerging for both scientific and commercial applications.

During the one-day session titled Enabling technologies – Microsystems Technologies, we will present the ongoing and past research projects on various technology development in space engineering community that features micro-systems, MEMS or MOEMS technologies. The session is also structured to provide networking opportunities to the participating scientist and engineers to initiate mission opportunities by providing opportunities to seek engineering-enabled science missions.

6 Others

6-1. High Priority Science from Cubesats: Thinking Inside the Box

* Scientific Organizer(s): Thomas H. Zurbuchen (NASA, USA), Rudolf von Steiger (ISSI, Switzerland), and Abigail A. Sheffer (NAS, USA)

Since their first development nearly 20 years ago, CubeSats have evolved into a platform uniquely suited for science missions such as through high-risk orbits, targeted science missions in conjunction with other spacecraft, or as constellations and swarms for a broad set of applications in Earth Science, Solar and Space Physics, Astrophysics and Planetary Sciences, among others. We intend to focus our sessions on three topics: 1. Discuss science results from previous and ongoing CubeSat missions across the science disciplines; 2. Discuss future CubeSat missions proposed or under development in a variety of fields and review their state of development and their anticipated science performance; 3. Discuss important technical progress and also technical limitations on science impact of the CubeSat platforms. Another possible subtopic for the session would be on high-risk, high-reward science investigations with CubeSats.

6-2. Education and Capacity Building in Science and Engineering Using Small Satellites

* Scientific Organizer(s): Loren Chang (National Central University, Taiwan) and Amal Chandran (University of Colorado, USA)

Small satellites are rapidly becoming a viable platform for both technology demonstrations, as well as an observational platform addressing pertinent Earth and space science needs. With the increasing popularity of such small satellite projects in an academic setting, several challenges must still be addressed, including the formulation of viable mission concepts, project management, and striking the right balance between student involvement and professional quality assurance. We invite participants to share their experiences and lessons learned in designing and executing small spacecraft development projects in an academic setting, considering both the challenges of meeting scientific and engineering requirements, as well as the role of such projects in education and capacity building in varied environments.

6-3. Space Science and Engineering by Scientific Ballooning

* Scientific Organizer(s): Kwanjung Yee (Seoul National University, Korea) and Tetsuya Yoshida (ISAS, JAXA, Japan)

This session will focus primarily on the recent space science and engineering research activities using scientific ballooning. The cutting-edge scientific balloon technology as well as the future perspective will be delivered. 2 or 3 talks will be invited from Italy, USA and JAPAN, which will cover the topics from the history of scientific ballooning to recent research activities conducted in USA and Japan. Some other research papers are expected from Korea(SNU), France (CNES) and Sweden (SSC). Since the scientific ballooning is relatively new in Korea, it is expected that the domestic attendance would be less than 50.

6-4. National Strategy Plan for Small Satellite in Asian Countries

* Scientific Organizer(s): J. Park (KASI, Korea)

6-5. Others